WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A NATIONAL PARK AND A NATIONAL MONUMENT?
This week’s Photos of the Week, focuses on the US’s
There are National Parks in the United States, such as Yellowstone National Park, Arches National Park,
And many others. So, what is the difference between a National Park vs. a National Monument?
There are a combination of reasons, but first and foremost in the United States is the legal way in which a national park and a national monument are established. National Parks are established through acts of Congress while National Monuments can be established by the President at his discretion.
I would like to put it in more easy to understand terms: A national monument, once designated by the President of the United States, is not necessarily a park, and thus, may not have the public access that a National Park has. And a lot of times the monuments may be established to protect the area from further development and roads into the area. Although the area may be just as beautiful as something you would see in a National Park, it may not ever have the access to it like a Park.
So, with that understanding, let’s take a look at some National Monuments that are maybe hard to get to, that are just amazingly beautiful areas, that you would not normally be able to see, because they are not easily accessible.
By U.S. Department of the Interior – 9375, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45403453
Secretary Jewell & Director of the Bureau of Land Management Neil Kornze Joins Nevadans to Celebrate Designation of Basin and Range National Monument Designation preserves stunning landscapes, ancient rock art; protects existing ranching, military and recreation uses
By U.S. Geological Surey – https://3dparks.wr.usgs.gov/nabr/html2/nb077.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=54582164
This view is looking north along Utah Highway 261 toward the Bears Ears. Natural Bridges National Monument is to the left of the image.
By Bureau of Land Management – Browns Canyon National Monument, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41521469
The Browns Canyon National Monument in Colorado will protect a stunning section of Colorado’s upper Arkansas River Valley. Located in Chaffee County near the town of Salida, Colorado, the 21,586-acre monument features rugged granite cliffs, colorful rock outcroppings, and mountain vistas that are home to a diversity of plants and wildlife, including bighorn sheep and golden eagles. Members of Congress, local elected officials, conservation advocates, and community members have worked for more than a decade to protect the area, which hosts world-class recreational opportunities that attract visitors from around the globe for hiking, whitewater rafting, hunting and fishing. In addition to supporting this vibrant outdoor recreation economy, the designation will protect the critical watershed and honor existing water rights and uses, such as grazing and hunting. The monument will be cooperatively managed by the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Land Management and USDA’s National Forest Service. Learn more: www.blm.gov/co/st/en/fo/rgfo/browns_canyon_national.html Photos by Bob Wick, BLM
By BLM-Photo – http://www.blm.gov/ca/pdfs/pa_pdfs/coastalmonument_pdfs/ccnm_rmp/ch2_mngment_decisions.pdf page 35, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1441248
islands and rocks of California Coastal National Monument: This monument ensures the protection of all islets, reefs and rock outcroppings from the coast of California to a distance of 12 nautical miles (22 km), along the entire 840-mile (1,350 km) long California coastline.
By Edward S. Curtis – REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USACALL NUMBER: LOT 12311 [item] [P&P]REPRODUCTION NUMBER:LC-USZC4-11256 (color film copy transparency)LC-USZ62-116676 (b&w film copy neg.)LC-USZ62-54704 (b&w film copy neg. of photogravure)No known restrictions on publication.DIGITAL ID:(color film copy transparency) cph 3g11256 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3g11256(b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c16676 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c16676(b&w film copy neg. of photogravure) cph 3b02607 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b02607NOTES:H52434 U.S. Copyright Office.Title devised by Library staff.Curtis no. 1013.Copyright 1904 by E.S. Curtis.Forms part of: Edward S. Curtis Collection (Library of Congress).Published in: The North American Indian / Edward S. Curtis. [Seattle, Wash.] : Edward S. Curtis, 1907-30, suppl. v. 1, pl. 28., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=179645
E. S. Curtis (1904): Canon de Chelly – Navajo. Seven riders on horseback and dog trek against background of canyon cliffs. Located within the boundaries of the Navajo Nation, it preserves the valleys and rims of the canyons of de Chelly, del Muerto, and Monument, all of which are Navajo Tribal Trust Lands.
By Averette at en.wikipedia, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4078969
Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=615805
The tower is a monolithic igneous intrusion of volcanic neck rising dramatically 1,267 feet (386 m) above the surrounding terrain. Proclaimed by Theodore Roosevelt, this was the first national monument.
By Jason Hickey – originally posted to Flickr as Giant sequoia, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6191369
The monument includes 38 of the 39 giant sequoia groves in the Sequoia National Forest, amounting to about half of the sequoia groves currently in existence. This includes one of the ten largest giant sequoias, the Boole Tree. Its two parts are around Kings Canyon and Sequoia National Parks.
Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21423
Preserving 1,900,000 acres (7,700 km2), the monument consists of the Grand Staircase, Utah, the Kaiparowits Plateau, and the Canyons of the Escalante. It is notable for its paleontological finds and geology, and it was the first monument to be maintained by the Bureau of Land Management.
By Zarxos at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3516860
Located within the Tongass National Forest, Alaska, and called The Yosemite of the North for its similar geology, it also contains the Quartz Hill molybdenum deposit, possibly the largest such mineral deposit in the world. Throughout the monument is light-colored granite, about 50 to 70 million years old (Eocene Epoch to Cretaceous Period), that has been sculpted by glaciers that gouged deep U-shaped troughs.
By Lyn Topinka – CVO Photo Archive Mount St. Helens, Washington Before, During, and After 18 May 1980., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3158771
Following the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, this area was set aside for research, recreation, and education. The environment is left to respond naturally to the disturbance
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63124
Utah Rainbow Arch: Rainbow Bridge is one of the world’s largest natural bridges. It stands 290 feet (88 m) tall and spans 275 feet (84 m) wide; the top of the bridge is 42 feet (13 m) thick and 33 feet (10 m) wide. It was made from sandstone formed during the Triassic and the Jurassic periods.
By Larry D. Moore, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27852042
The Waco Mammoth National Monument is a paleontological site and museum in Waco, Texas, United States where fossils of twenty-four Columbian mammoths (Mammuthus columbi) and other mammals from the Pleistocene Epoch have been uncovered. The site is the largest known concentration of a single herd of mammoths dying from the same event, which is believed to have been a flash flood. A local partnership developed around the site after the initial bone was discovered.
THIS IS JUST A SMALL SAMPLING OF SOME OF THE MANY US NATIONAL MONUMENTS THAT HAVE BEEN DESIGNATED AS MONUMENTS. THESE ARE JUST SOME OF THE ONES THAT I FELT ARE JUST THE MOST BEAUTIFUL, ALTHOUGH THERE ARE STILL SOME I COULD ADD TO THIS PHOTOGRAPHIC LIST, FOR SURE. SO I WOULD REFER YOU TO:
HERE YOU WILL FIND A COMPLETE LIST OF ALL THE MONUMENTS, WHERE THEY ARE LOCATED, AND WHEN THEY WERE DESIGNATED AS NATIONAL MONUMENTS. I WOULD SAY, HOWEVER, AT LEAST THE ONES I HAVE LISTED ABOVE, HAVE THE POTENTIAL OF BEING SOME OF THE BEST, MOST PHOTOGENIC OF THE NATIONAL MONUMENTS. SO, IF YOU ARE LOOKING FOR SOMEPLACE DIFFERENT TO TAKE PICTURES THIS YEAR, MAYBE LOOK INTO SOME OF THESE REMOTE NATIONAL MONUMENTS, INSTEAD OF THE NATIONAL PARKS FOR SOME BEAUTIFUL PHOTOGRAPHIC OPPURTUNITIES.