UNDERSTANDING CONTRAST IN PHOTOGRAPHY

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Contrast can make it or break it in your photos:

silhouette of life guard house near ocean during sunset
Photo by Wolfram K on Pexels.com

 

Knowing how to use contrast will help you create eye-catching images. Contrast is a tool that photographers use to direct viewers’ attention to their subject. There are two types: Tonal Contrast and Color Contrast. TC refers to the difference in tones from the lightest tone to the darkest tone, in other words, the difference in tones from white to gray to black. CC refers to the way colors interact with each other.

contrast-in-photography (1)
Photo by Prabhu B Doss

Tones are normally described as high, normal or low. A high tone image mainly includes white and black with few or no middle grey tones. A normal tone image will have elements that are white, some that are black and many middle tones of grey. A low tone image is the one with almost no highlights or shadows; all the tones are very similar one to the other. High tone images are harsh while low contrast images are soft.

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Color contrast is used to achieve great compositions. Colors with opposite characteristics, like blue and yellow, contrast strongly when placed together. When two opposing colors are placed together they complement and accentuate the qualities of the other color. Cold colors and warm colors almost always contrast, light colors contrast against dark ones and bold colors offset weak colors.

assorted color nips
Photo by Sydney Troxell on Pexels.com

Composition in photographs is also classified as low and high key scenes. When an image contains mostly dark tones or colors it is referred to as low key, when it contains light tones or colors it is said to be high key. Low and high key images transmit moods. Normally a low-key image is serious and mysterious while a high-key image creates a feeling of lightness and delicate subjects.

night building forest trees
Low key Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com
appetizer apples berries berry
 High key Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

 

Silhouettes are a good example of tonal contrast. Silhouettes are created through a sharp difference between dark and light areas. Color contrasted images contain complementary, or opposite, colors. Two colors on the opposite side of the color wheel create contrasting colors. Yellow & Blue or Green & Red create contrasting images that grab attention.

silhouette of man and woman kissing
Photo by Ibrahim Asad on Pexels.com

The important part is to learn how to combine and use tonal contrast and color contrast or even how to compensate them when used separately. Great color contrast is a great way to compensate for tonal contrast. An image with low tonal contrast can be improved by incorporating a contrasting color into it.

A photo with low contrasting colors, for example, yellow and orange, can look great if a tonal contrast is accomplished by using lighter and darker yellows and oranges. Photos with low contrasting colors are quieter but generally great for seasonal and landscape images.

Another characteristic that impacts contrast is color saturation. Color contrast improves as the vibrancy of the colors increase. When the tonal contrast is very similar between colors, color contrast is reduced, as color saturation increases color contrast takes over.

photography-contrast-tips
Photo by na.harii 

Color contrast works better when using few and larger color masses. As more colors are incorporated then tonal contrast takes over.

Learning how to use and incorporate contrast in your images will certainly produce amazing results. Contrast will turn your images into an eye-catching photo and properly used can turn an ok photo into an awesome creation.

 

About the Author:
This article was written by Joaquin Duenas. PhotoBlog: theduenitas.blogspot.com. The Duenitas Digital World is based in Miami, Florida and covers South Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America.  This article was produced by PICTURE / CORRECT.  Thanks to PICTURE/ CORRECT and Joaquin Duenas for the use of this article.

 

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