Composition is considered the main key to a beautiful and high quality landscape image. Be aware that shooting landscape will demand a very difficult way of working as opposed to photographing people. It is usually taken with a camera mounted on a tripod. Also, more attention is being given to the aperture in order to ensure that the image will be sharp from front to back.

what are the rules of thumb for landscape photography
Photo by daveynin; ISO 100, f/4.0, 1/60-second exposure


1. If you are confronted with a beautiful scene, isolate the elements that say something about the environment and complement the panoramic view. Avoid capturing everything in your composition.

landscape photography rules
Photo by john mcsporran; ISO 100, f/25.0

2. You must have a point of interest in the landscape. This is a main feature that will hold the attention of viewers.

rules landscape photography
Photo by Marina del Castell; ISO 200, f/6.3, 1/1000-second exposure.
3. When shooting landscapes, your aperture must be the priority. Consider using the depth of field preview button of your camera to make sure you’re getting the desired effect.

4. Choose your lens wisely. Wide-angle lenses increase the foreground and sky content, make the subjects smaller, and exaggerate sweeping lines. On the other hand, telephoto lenses allow you to flatten the perspective, which then makes the foreground and background elements appear closer to one another. What you are focusing on will become larger.

landscape photography easy rules
Photo by Alfie Ianni; ISO 100, f/22.0, 1/50-second exposure.

5. On windy days, know that slow shutter speeds will record movement in the scene.

6. Horizons must be straight. But if you can’t make it straight, consider eliminating the horizon altogether by zooming in.

learn landscape photography rules
Photo by Ken Douglas; ISO 1000, f/5.6, 1/400-second exposure.


Forests. Dark forests may be one of the most difficult landscapes to photograph. Usually, the light is too low which may cause automatic flashes to fire. The best time to take pictures in a forest is after it has rained or perhaps in light drizzle. Cloudy skies guarantee even lighting, and the water on the leaves adds life and emphasizes the color.

what to know about landscape photography
Photo by Thomas

Beaches. Sandy beaches are indeed great landscape subjects. A polarizing filter can improve the color and contrast in photographs taken around the waters by reducing the glare of the light.

landscape photography rules to learn
Photo by Crouchy69

Rivers and waterfalls. Flowing water can be interpreted in various ways through shutter-speed selection. For best results and depth of field, you have to use a tripod and a polarizing filter. The filter can improve the image by cutting out some reflections coming from wet rock and surrounding vegetation.

best landscape photography rules
Photo by Giuseppe Milo; ISO 200, f/11.0, 6.5-second exposure.

About the Author:
This article was written by Amanda Williams from Photographic artistry captured with passion.

This is blog #976

Some more great landscape photos to learn from:

Pexels photo

Julius Silver /pexels photos #870

Photo by Pixabay / a Pexel photo

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