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A PHOTOGRAPHERS GUIDE TO SHOOTING VIDEO

WHAT?  AS A PHOTOGRAPHER, I NEED TO BE A VIDEOGRAPHER TOO?

 

A

AS A PHOTOGRAPHER, I ALWAYS TRY TO LEARN ALL THE SETTINGS ON MY CAMERA AND TRY TO LEARN HOW TO USE THEM ALL, AND UNDERSTAND THEM ALL.  THE CAMERA MANUFACTURES TODAY TRY TO MAKE IT REALLY EASY TO HELP YOU TO TAKE GOOD PICTURES IN TODAYS PHOTO WORLD.  I LIKE THE EXAMPLE ABOVE.  LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT THE MAGIC DIAL ABOVE AND GO OVER THEM:
 
1- LET’S START WITH THE MAGIC ONE:  [A].  DOESN’T THAT SEEM TO BE THE SAFE SPOT WHERE EVERYONE STARTS OR THE “GO TO” SWITCH.  IT SIMPLY MEANS AUTOMATIC.  THERE THE CAMERA PICKS THE SHUTTER SPEED AND APERTURE THAT IS RIGHT FOR THE SITUATION THAT IT SEES.  

IN AUTOMATIC MODE, EVERYTHING SHOULD COME OUT PERFECT IN A PERFECT SCENARIO, AND WORKS GREAT IF YOU ARE NOT TRYING TO BE CREATIVE IN YOUR PHOTOGRAPHY. 

2- [P] MODE:  I AM STILL NOT SURE TODAY THAT YOU NEED THE P MODE BESIDES THE AUTOMATIC MODE.  ISN’T THE SAME?  WHEN YOU READ THE MANUAL IT SEEMS THAT IT IS THE SAME AS THE [A] MODE.  DON’T FEEL THAT IT IS MUCH DIFFERENT, ALTHOUGH THE CAMERA MANUAL TELLS YOU THAT IT THINKS DIFFERENT.  OK, WHATEVER.  IT STILL GIVES THE CAMERA FULL CONTROL.

3- [TV] OR TIME VALUE.  OR PROPERLY STATED:  SHUTTER PRIORITY.  YOU CAN SET THE SHUTTER SPEED YOU WANT, AND THE CAMERA WILL SET THE APERTURE TO MEET THE SHUTTER SPEED THAT YOU SET, AND STILL GIVE YOU THE PROPER EXPOSURE.

Photo by :  Eddie Pittman photography
Photo taken with a 1 second long exposure

4- [AV] APERTURE VALUE – HERE YOU SET THE APERTURE ON YOUR CAMERA, AND THE CAMERA WILL SET THE SHUTTER SPEED AUTOMATICALLY ACCORDING TO THE APERTURE YOU SET AUTOMATICALLY.  AT LEAST YOU PICK THE “DEPTH OF FIELD” THAT YOU WANT.  FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT DEPTH OF FIELD, GO TO:  http://123photogo.blogspot.com/2016/05/understanding-depth-of-field.html

 
5-[M] – MANUAL MODE:  HERE THE CAMERA HAS NO AUTOMATION TO THE SETTINGS AT ALL.  YOU PICK THE SHUTTER SPEED, THE APERTURE, AND THE CAMERA WILL NOT TRY TO CHANGE ANYTHING, WHETHER IT’S RIGHT OR WRONG.  IF IT’S WRONG, IT’S NOT THE CAMERA’S FAULT.  BUT, WHAT IF YOU WANTED TO PURPOSELY OVEREXPOSE, OR UNDEREXPOSE?  THIS IS THE PLACE TO DO IT.  THIS IS THE PLACE THAT GIVES YOU TOTAL CONTROL OVER YOUR CAMERA.  THIS IS WHERE THE PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHER LIVES. 
6- ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE DIAL IS EMOTICONS:  THERE IS THE PERSON’S HEAD [👱] OR FOR PORTRAIT MODE ( I ALWAYS HOPE THAT IS RIGHT).  AND THEN THERE IS THE MOUNTAIN OR SCENERY MODE: [🌅].  SHOULD BE SELF EXPLANTATORY.  AND THEN THERE IS THE FLOWER : [🌹], OBVIOUSLY FOR CLOSEUP PHOTOGRAPHY ( OH, I WORRY ABOUT THAT AUTOMATIC SETTING).  AND THE NEXT ONE IS SUPPOSED TO BE AN ICON OF A PERSON RUNNING: [🏃], I WOULD ASSUME THAT IS A FAST SHUTTER SPEED PHOTO????  AND THEN THERE IS THE ONE WITH THE STAR AND THE PERSON IN THE CORNER: [🌟].  AND I WILL ASSUME THAT IS FOR THE PERSON TAKING NIGHT PHOTOGRAPHY. 
 
SO, ALL IN ALL, YOUR CAMERA HAS A LOT OF GREAT SETTINGS THAT YOU CAN DO A LOT OF GREAT PHOTOGRAPHY WITH.  BUT WAIT !!!  THERE IS ONE MORE SETTING THAT ALMOST EVERY CAMERA HAS:     IT’S THE VIDEO CAMERA SETTING: 

 

 
 

REALLY?  I DIDN’T BUY THIS CAMERA TO TAKE VIDEOS.  WHY NOT?  HAVE YOU EVER TRIED THIS?  THIS IS WHAT THIS ARTICLE IS ALL ABOUT.  YOU REALLY NEED TO TRY THIS.  THIS IS THE LATEST THING ABOUT THESE CAMERAS..  YOU WILL CONTINUE TO SEE THA THESE CAMERAS ARE IMPROVING THEIR RESOLUTION, AND IMPROVING THEIR ABILITY TO BECOME A GREAT VIDEO CAMERA AS WELL AS A PHOTO CAMERA.  SO WITH THAT, LET’S HELP YOU UNDERSTAND ALL ABOUT VIDEO CAMERAS:

FRAME RATE:

Generally, digital cameras offer three base frame rate options: 24, 30, or 60 frames per second (fps). Photographers usually opt to shoot at 24 fps, which is often utilized by filmmakers and offers a “cinematic” feel. However, if you’re trying to capture a moment in slow motion, you’ll want to shoot for 60 fps, then play back at a slower frame rate.

SHUTTER SPEED:

In videography, shutter speed makes a bigger difference than you might expect. A certain amount of motion blur is necessary to keep everything looking fluid and natural. A good general rule of thumb is to set your shutter speed to double your frame rate.

PICTURE PROFILE:

When a camera records video, it compresses each still frame of the film, resulting in resolution that may not live up to your still photographs. Picking an appropriate picture profile goes a long way in preserving your colors and tonal dynamics despite compression. Instead of sticking to automatic or standard settings, most photographers like to use a neutral base.

APERTURE:

 

Lots of the time, videographers must focus in on a scene manually while a subject is in motion, making working with wide open apertures incredibly difficult. Even though it’s tempting to blur out distracting details in a still photograph, keep in mind that you may not be able to successfully replicate the same effect while shooting video.

SEQUENCING:

As photographers, it’s easy to identify and capture a “money shot.” However, successful videos often tell stories rather than focus on one singular scene. Use short sequences to guide your viewer into a moment; by visually explaining to your viewers how a subject gets from point A to point B, you create a more compelling tale.

STABILITIY:

Last but not least, keep your camera stable. Tripods, monopods, and gimbals are your friend. Bringing one along will take away any unintentional jitteriness or motion blur, and the smooth movement and still framing will instantaneously up your production value.

Of course, there’s a lot that goes into becoming a professional videographer. Thankfully, the art of photography cements many of the base concepts necessary to get ahead. So take the time to do a bit of experimentation. With these tips on hand, you may just find that the transition from photograph to film comes quite naturally!

THIS ARTICLE ABOUT VIDEOGRAPHY IS FROM:

PICTURE/CORRECT, AND THE AUTHOR IS:  MEGHAN B

A special thanks to Meghan B for the use of this article.  Her photos are used as well, and copyrighted.

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PHOTOS OF THE WEEK: COMES FROM: PHOTOS OF THE DAY

PHOTOS OF THE WEEK:

5/11/2017

What makes this part fun, is to find and share with you some winning photos.  In today’s collection, I have found photos that have been posted as “PHOTOS OF THE DAY”  from PictureCorrect.  And I have picked just a small sample from their collection, and have called these my winning photos.  I will add a link at the bottom so you can see some of their other photos for you to check out as well.  But, these are my picks:

Hong Kong consistently ranks as one of the world’s most densely populated cities, but what that actually means for people living there is often lost on outsiders. If you ever wondered what it’s like to look up at a sliver of sky from amidst a jungle of skyscrapers, this is it:

The shot comes from travel photographer Elia Locardi. In his words:

“It’s unbelievable to me that people can live so tightly packed in like this. On the other hand, it’s also really cool to think that a place that most people rarely give a second look, or consider to be so ugly, can look so beautiful and interesting to a photographer…. It’s seeing places like this that always reminds me that beauty is truly in the eye of the beholder.”

 

Photography has a lot to do with being in the right place at the right time. Whether that location is popular, hidden away, or generally ignored, it’s the photographer’s task to be there and capture a unique perspective through lighting, position, and framing. Sometimes, you stumble across a scene that is already set and waiting to be shot. In this case, it’s a sunset that the photographer knew he needed to capture, but he underestimated how beautiful the scene would be. Having the right equipment makes all of the difference in a situation like this!

captured this stunning photograph of a sunset over the Góðafoss waterfall in Iceland. While road tripping, he arrived at the waterfall just minutes before this scene developed. He used a Nikon D810 to capture it. His settings were a 167 seconds, 32mm focal length, f/11, and ISO 64. Nirenburg put a 10-stop neutral density filter on his lens to restrict the amount of light that entered. Combined with a long exposure time, the image smooths out the details in the whites of the image, including the sky, water, and ice.

 

You’ve seen many a sunrise and moonrise, but unless you’re an astronaut, you’ve never seen an “earthrise” — a unique phenomenon that is only viewable from the Moon where the Earth appears to “rise” over the lunar horizon.

Luckily, NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) witnesses twelve earthrises per day and is equipped with state-of-the-art cameras! The robotic spacecraft captured this stunning composite image:

NASA has released several iconic earthrise photographs over the years — most notably in 1966, 1968, and 1972 — but none compare to LRO’s latest capture, seen above. Pictured most prominently in the image are Liberia, the Sahara Desert, and Saudi Arabia, as well as the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of South America and the Moon’s Compton crater.

LRO was launched in 2009 and boasts not one but two powerful camera instruments. Its Narrow Angle Camera captures high resolution black and white images, while its Wide Angle Camera snaps lower resolution color images. Once these photos are recorded, NASA’s imaging team employs a complex series of post processing steps to combine them and produce high resolution photographs in both full color and detail.

“Viewed from the lunar surface, the Earth never rises or sets. Since the moon is tidally locked, Earth is always in the same spot above the horizon, varying only a small amount with the slight wobble of the moon. The Earth may not move across the ‘sky,’ but the view is not static. Future astronauts will see the continents rotate in and out of view and the ever-changing pattern of clouds…”

 

 

 

Diving in clear waters where visibility is hundreds of feet is a dream come true for ardent divers. Photographer and diver Marc Henauer captured this image while diving in the crystal clear water of Verzasca River in Ticino, Switzerland:

The water is surprisingly clear. You can easily see the beautiful rock formations rising high up and out of the water and the river bed strewn with rounded rocks. The image is surprisingly sharp and detailed. Beautiful sunlight streaming into the water makes for a lovely addition to the image. But what finally nails it is the silhouette of the lonely diver—like a lonely explorer exploring a mythical and dangerous place all by himself.

 

 

 

As the internet often proves, baby animals are just impossibly irresistible. Even when they are doing not-so-nice things, like lunging toward photographers. On closer examination, the photographer, who doesn’t necessarily appear to be in any particular hurry to get away from the tiger while photographing it in an enclosure, is taking the term, “anything to get the shot” to an all new level:

Despite his juvenile stature, the young tiger could still cause serious injury to the photographer. Just ask anyone who has ever been “playfully” mauled by an innocent looking kitten of the domesticated house cat variety. Even their tiny little claws and teeth can inflict serious pain. Being on the receiving end of a baby tiger lunge is almost certainly more painful—not to mention horrifying—than our initial reaction to this photos inherent cuteness may lead us to believe.

 

 

Landscape photographers recognize that a foreground can make or break a landscape image. When they plan a shot, the foreground often has striking detail and colors that draw the viewer in. The attention to detail pushes the viewer’s eyes outward toward the background. In this case, it’s Mount St. Helens in focus as the looming mountain rises from the fog. An early morning sunrise adds warm colors and sunlight to further complement the vibrant red of the wildflowers:

Photographer Steve Schwindt photographed these red wildflowers near Mount St. Helens in Washington. His patience paid off as the sun emerged from the clouds. Just then, the fog started clearing to reveal the scene before him and the rest is history. Steve used a Canon 5D Mark II camera with a Canon 17-40mm f/4L lens. In order to have the foreground and background in focus, he focus stacked 8–10 different exposures. His settings were 17mm focal length at ISO 100, f/9.0, and 1/5 second.

 

 

 

In British Colombia, Canada, thousands of tiny tadpoles swim beneath the surface of a lily pad covered lake. Capturing this type of incredible and highly unusual scene is the norm for New Zealand underwater photographer Eiko Jones:

Since picking up his first DSLR at the age of 14, Jones has been photographing the natural world—from the wild birds of New Zealand to bold coastal landscapes of Alaska. But it was after an excursion spent diving with sharks that Jones discovered his passion for underwater photography. His surreal and dramatic images encapsulate the mysterious beauty found in nature, both inside and out of water.

The image titled “Cloud of Tadpoles” is part of Jones’s collection, “Tadpoles, Swamps, Lakes, Ponds,” and was published in an issue of National Geographic

 

 

 

At 4,478 meters tall, the Matterhorn, known in various languages as Mont Cervin and Monte Cervino, is not only one of the Alps’ tallest peaks, but also one of its deadliest. Over 500 climbers have died trying to reach its summit since the late 19th century. Visually, it’s one of the world’s most striking mountains for its knife-life protrusion from the earth:

This shot was captured by photographer Bertrand Monney, who has a penchant for high-resolution otherworldly landscapes, both natural and man-made. Part of what makes this photo so awesome is its dark rocky foreground against an almost delicately light background–the interplay between textuality and light makes the composition way more interesting than if he just shot for the spiky mountain itself. Of course, the reflecting pool helps, too, as does every ounce of detail visible on the mount itself.

 

 

 

There’s a reason why dogs have earned the coveted title of “Man’s Best Friend.” They’re loyal, they’re intelligent, they’re lively, and most of all, they’re downright adorable.

Jasper, a Siberian Husky/Labrador Retriever mix from Alberta encompasses everything we love about dogs. With his favorite people by his side, he’s up for even the most daunting adventures.

Luckily for him, he keeps the company of photographers Jon Sinclair and Marti Gutfreund-–meaning that every exciting moment is captured on camera:

Among his ongoing portfolio of impressive escapades is this stunning photograph. With the peaks of the Rocky Mountains reflected in the still waters of an isolated lake in front of him, Jasper almost seems to be meditating as the soft morning light floods the valley where he and his owners have set up camp. Of course, his best buddy Marti was at the ready and managed to snag this incredible shot. When Jasper shared the picture on his personal Instagram, his 17,000 followers raved.

 

 

 

 

More than perhaps any other dog breed, Border Collies are highly task-oriented and need to experience a sense of purpose in order to thrive. Indeed, they tend to be notorious workaholics. This, in addition to their intelligence and agility, suits Border Collies to an active working lifestyle—and especially to guarding and herding livestock.

The amazing intelligence of the breed can be clearly seen in the eyes and posture of this Border Collie named Scully whose portrait was captured by photographer James Walker, her caretaker:

Scully is actually one of Walker’s two Border Collie companions, and it’s clear that the dogs are some of Walker’s favorite art subjects. Images of one or both canines dominate his online print store selection.

As something of a documentarian, Walker considers photography, and his art in general, as a means of experiencing life to the fullest extent possible and then recording meaningful moments in a way that causes viewers to reflect deeply on themes like time, adventure, loyalty, and love.

“Snapping photos and drawing pictures and painting and collaging and collecting and gathering information is my way of being enveloped in every second of the day,” says Walker. “I try to take as little for granted as possible… making art is the very thing that gets me out of bed in the morning, drives me through the day, pushes me past all obstacles, and propels me to explore.”

AND THERE YOU HAVE 10 AMAZING PHOTOS, TAKEN BY 10 AMAZING ARTISTS.  WON PHOTO OF THE DAY, AND PICKED TO BE ON THIS BLOG TODAY.  I HOPE YOU ENJOYED THESE PHOTOS.  THERE ARE MORE PHOTOS TO BROWSE THROUGH, AND I WOULD LIKE TO POST THE WEBSITE FOR YOU TO SEE MORE.  PLEASE GO TO THIS LINK TO SEE MORE AMAZING PHOTOS:

http://www.picturecorrect.com/news/

 
 
Special thanks to PictureCorrect for posting these photos on the internet.  These photos are copyrighted. 
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UNDERSTANDING “LIGHT” IN PHOTOGRAPHY

THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF ART THAT RELIES ON A CERTAIN MEDIUM TO MAKE IT’S MARK IN THAT ART FORM.  FOR EXAMPLE, IN SCULPTING, MARBLE OR CLAY OR STONE IS THE IMPORTANT PART THAT IS THE MEDIUM FOR SCULPTING.  FOR THE PAINTER, IT IS OIL OR WATER.  BUT FOR PHOTOGRAPHY IT IS “LIGHT”.  THE BASIS OF ALL PHOTOGRAPHY IS LIGHT.  BUT WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT LIGHT IN PHOTOGRAPHY AND DO WE REALLY UNDERSTAND IT?  DO WE UNDERSTAND IT ENOUGH TO BE ABLE TO CREATE ART WITH LIGHT?  WELL THIS IS WHAT I WANT TO GO OVER IN THIS ARTICLE TODAY

 
UNDERSTANDING “LIGHT” IN PHOTOGRAPHY !
 

UNFORTUNATELY, IN TODAY’S PHOTOGRAPHIC WORLD, IT SEEMS LIKE THE ONLY THING PEOPLE WORRY ABOUT IS THE EXPOSURE.  THAT IS THE EXTENT OF THE KNOWLEDGE THEY THINK THEY NEED TO KNOW IN THE TERMS OF “LIGHT”.  AND TO A CERTAIN EXTENT, THAT IS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR.  WE DO NEED TO KNOW HOW MUCH LIGHT REACHES THE SENSOR IN THE CAMERA TO GET THE BEST PICTURE.  BUT THERE IS SO MUCH MORE WE COULD DO IF WE JUST LEARNED MORE ABOUT LIGHT.  AND THAT IS MY GOAL IN THIS ARTICLE TODAY.
 
I THINK THERE ARE 3 THINGS THAT ARE IMPORTANT IN UNDERSTANDING LIGHT:
 
  1. QUANTITY OF LIGHT:   That would mean that we are looking at the intensity of light on the subject.  The amount of light and the extent of light will determine the “attitude” of the art piece.
  2. QUALITY OF LIGHT:  This is a very important part of the masterpiece you wish to create.  Here you worry about the contrast, the proper color of light even comes in to play (and that can become a whole other subject).  This is where you get concerned when portraits play a big part.  Check out the portrait photographer.  His lights are a major key, and quality of his light is of utmost importance. 
  3. DIRECTION OF LIGHT:  This works in portrait photography as well as a good landscape photo.  In portrait work, you can learn about the types of lighting on faces and which is best, and the proper placement of the lights is so important.  In landscape photography, you can bet that the majority of good landscape photos are taken when the light is in the early morning or before sunset when the lighting is most extreme.  
 
NOW OF COURSE, I WILL BE THE FIRST TO BRING OUT THAT RULES CAN BE BROKEN IN THIS AS WELL AS THE COMPOSITION RULES…. BUT ONLY IF IT LOOKS BETTER.  THAT IS HOW YOU DETERMINE IF THE RULES SHOULD BE BROKEN:  IF IT LOOKS BETTER.  SO YOU CAN TAKE PHOTOS IN THE MIDDLE OF THE DAY WHEN THE LIGHTING IS USUALLY NOT GOOD, IF IT WILL LOOK GOOD.
 
NOW LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT ONE MORE THING THAT IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND AND THAT IS HOW TO SHOOT WITH NATURAL LIGHT.  THERE ARE SEVERAL DIFFERNT TYPES OF NATURAL LIGHT TO WORK WITH.  ALL WILL BE AN ARTISTS TOOL IF YOU UNDERSTAND WHEN AND HOW TO WORK WITH THEM:
 
  1. DIRECT SUNLIGHT:  This is when you have direct sunlight, shadows are very prominent, contrast is very harsh, but that might be the effect you want.  Before you go out to shoot, is that the effect you want? 

Notice in this photo that in this landscape photo, with direct sun, that the shadows are very pronounced, the photo has a very contrasty feeling…. but, this is what the artist wanted.  Learn to understand what direct light will do for you.
 
2-  DIFFUSED SUNLIGHT:  I actually like taking photos with diffused sunlight, but, maybe not full scenery shots.  Portraits are great with diffused sunlight, because there are no shadows or hardly any shadows.  Usually in this scenario, the sun has gone behind clouds. 

 

Notice that shooting portraits outside while you have diffused lighting, or the sun behind the clouds gives a very nice soft light on the subject.  The shadows are gone or nearly gone giving it a very pleasant feel to the portrait.  The only thing now you have to do is perfect your posing. 

 
(Photo by:  rockynook.com)
 
 
 

 

Now, like I was mentioning above, usually you don’t use diffused lighting too much with scenery, but, it can be done.  But, you don’t see it too much where it is a vast amount of landscape.  Usually contained to a smaller area.  But, I have seen some good full landscape photos that the rules were broken.  I like this one.  No shadows, and all the colors look really good.

 
( Photo courtesy of Pinterest)
 
 
 
3- FOG:  Fog and mist greatly reduces details and shadows and creates an enveloping type of light. It produces weaker colors. Particular care must be taken since this type of light tends to produce flare.  but there is something really touching about fog.  Everyone likes the effect that fog has in a picture.  It creates some kind of romantic feeling…OR   horror effect.  Depending on the picture.  A photographer friend of mine, lives in an area, where fog rolls in every morning, and she lives to capture the fog photos every morning, and captures the most beautiful photos I have ever seen.

Photo by Pamela Locke
 
Here Pamela is known as “The Fog Chaser”.  But the photos with the sunrise in the picture make the colors even more pronounced and yet create a mood in the photo.  I would think  that this type of photo would be hung on a lot of walls.
 
Next time you start taking photos, do more than just look at your exposure meter.  Look at the type of lighting you have.  Can you take advantage of the type of lighting you have.  When you go out on a photo shoot, whether it is landscape photography or portrait photography, think about the type of lighting you have today.  You will become a true artist if you understand the lighting you have to work with today.
 
 
 
 
Article written by:  Lanny Cottrell
For  123Photogo