CONTROLLING YOUR SHUTTER SPEED AND IT’S EFFECTS:

time lapse photography of vehicle tail lights
Photo by Nikolett Emmert on Pexels.com
Another article on: “Something you can’t do with a cell phone”

If you want to be a serious photographer, this is another series of why you should have a “real camera” instead of doing all your photography with your cell phone.

Controlling your shutter speed on your camera is there for you to seriously give you the control to create something beautiful and exciting. The photo above, for example, is just one great photo that was done by having control of your shutter speed. Simply done by putting your camera on a tripod, and then having your shutter speed set so that the lights on the road become a blur or a long string of color. Judging from how long the lights are streaking there, I would say that shutter speed was around 6 to 10 seconds long. Can your camera do that?

SETTING YOUR CAMERA’S SHUTTER SPEED TO “B”.

Photo by Tom Podmore on Unsplash

One of everyone’s favorite things to do when setting the shutter speed slow is to take a photo of a waterfall. When it is slow it just blurs the water and gives it a dream effect. If someone is in the photo, yes, they will be a blur as well. But, that kind of acts as an effect most people will like with this photo.

The “B” setting on your camera stands for “Bulb”. And back many years ago, the photographer would have his camera set on the tripod, and then use a “bulb-type” plunger that you would screw into the camera’s button. This is where the “B” came from. You can still use a remote trigger on your camera, but, it may not be a “bulb”, but, a “cable release” or even use your self timer, so you don’t touch the camera during a long exposure.

EFFECTS OF A FAST SHUTTER SPEED

Photo by Michael Constantin P. on Unsplash

Is there something wrong with this helicopter? No, this photographer used a very fast shutter speed, like 1/1000 or 1/2000 of a second to be able to stop the helicopter blades from showing any motion. Totally freezes anything that moves when you use a fast shutter speed.

Here is another photo showing fast shutter speeds:

Photo by Max Frajer on Unsplash

Of course, changing your shutter speeds, may involve you changing your ISO setting as we mentioned in the previous blog. And your aperture setting may change as well. All 3 of these settings have to work together. You will just need to know what type of effect you are after in order to use the right settings, or making the decision what setting is most important with the type of photo you want to take.

On the next blog, we will go over the results of changing your aperture setting on your camera. What will you create using different aperture settings? See ya then!

UNDERSTANDING ISO

photo of candles inside cages
Photo by Craig Adderley on Pexels.com
ANOTHER ARTICLE ON: “SOMETHING YOU CAN’T DO WITH A CELL PHONE”

Too often in today’s world, it seems that people are thinking that cell phone photography is getting close to everything a regular SLR or DSLR, or even a mirrorless camera can do.

This article will dispel that myth so you can see that cell phone photography is still far away from doing what a good camera can do.

WHAT IS ISO?

ISO refers to your camera’s sensitivity to light. The higher the ISO, the more sensitive your camera sensor becomes, and the brighter your photos appear.

ISO is measured in numbers. Here are a few standard ISO values: 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200.

That said, pretty much every camera offers intermediate ISO values (for instance, ISO 125 and ISO 160 between ISO 100 and ISO 200). And most cameras these days include additional ISOs on the high end of the range, such as ISO 6400, ISO 12800, ISO 25600, and beyond.

WHAT DOES ISO STAND FOR?

ISO is the acronym used by the “International Standards Organization”. This is where the ISO came up with it’s standard across the world.

For the purposes of photography, the name isn’t important. Just think of ISO as your camera’s sensitivity to light, and you’ll do just fine!

ISO AND YOUR EXPOSURE SETTINGS:

By increasing the ISO in your camera, you are making the light meter more sensitive to light. It would allow you to shoot in different types of light, even when light is not good.

person standing beside waterfalls
Photo by Jeremy Bishop on Pexels.com

The first number that you would use in your ISO setting is usually 100, and is the basis for shooting in good light, such as sun, and bright light. You would then be setting your shutter speed and aperture according to what your desired effect is.

THE HIGHER THE ISO NUMBER, THE BETTER YOUR RESULTS WILL BE IN LOWER LIGHT:

Now if we go from 100 ISO to say 800 ISO, you will now have some control over what is normally not scene in the darker shadows of your photo. Like this:

an underexposed image of a room
A Picture shot at 100 ISO.
a well-exposed image of a room
Maybe shooting the same photo at 800ISO will give you a great exposure inside where it once was dark.

Both the above pictures have something to be aware of. If shooting at 100 ISO, the photo is usually perfect if shooting outside. Look at the exposure of the outside through the window, with the first picture.

Now, looking at the second exposure, for sure it seems like it’s a better picture. But, now the outside is so washed out, the picture really seems kind of useless, because it is now over exposed. Although it looks perfect inside, where the lighting isn’t so good. So, which one do you like? Either one will work, it just depends on what you want in your photo.

HOW DOES YOUR ISO WORK WITH YOUR SHUTTER SPEED AND APERTURE?

To get the perfect exposure, it is all a combination of ISO, the proper shutter speed, and the best aperture setting. All 3 of these are important. Let’s look at why you would change your ISO setting when you have the perfect light.

A QUICK LESSON ON SHUTTER SPEEDS:

I know this is a lesson on ISO settings, but, let’s look at the other settings it has to work with: The first being the shutter speed.

If you set your camera at ISO 100, the perfect exposure outside will probably be: 1/125 second, and the aperture or F Stop will be F16. Perfect exposure. If you will recall, the faster the shutter speed, you can now stop action:

timelapse photography of green and white racing vehicle on lane
Photo by Chris Peeters on Pexels.com

If you want to stop action, then your shutter speed will need to be close to 1/1000 second. To get the proper picture then, the easiest thing to do is to raise your ISO from 100 to 800 ISO to get the proper exposure. (That is as long as the aperture stays the same).

You see that changing your shutter speed, you will need to change your ISO to keep things in proper exposure.

CHANGING YOUR APERTURE WILL ALSO GIVE YOU THE NEED TO CHANGE YOUR ISO:

pink rose
Photo by Jonas Kakaroto on Pexels.com

Now let’s see what can happen if you want to change your aperture setting to get a shallow depth of field, like the above photo.

If you change your setting on your aperture to F2.8, there may be the need to change your ISO, but it can’t go lower than 100, right? (Most newer cameras will only go as low as ISO 100). So, the only thing you can do here again, is to change your shutter speed, to match the ISO of 100. Changing it to F2.8 would mean you would need to change your shutter speed to 1/2000 second. That will allow you to get the exposure you need.

DIFFERENT SCENARIOS YOU WOULD USE TO CHANGE YOUR ISO SETTINGS:

* WHEN TO RAISE YOUR ISO:
  • You’re shooting at an indoor sports event, especially if your subject is moving fast
  • You’re shooting a landscape without a tripod and you need a deep depth of field
  • You’re shooting a landscape at night (or doing astrophotography) and you need a reasonable shutter speed to freeze the stars
  • You’re photographing portraits in a dark room or in the evening/night
  • You’re shooting an event indoors with limited window light (such as a party)
  • You’re photographing a dark concert
  • You’re photographing an art gallery, a church, or a building interior (you might also consider using a tripod, but this is against the rules in a lot of spaces)
  • You’re photographing wildlife in the early morning or evening (especially if you need a fast shutter speed)
  • You’re photographing fast-moving subjects and you need an ultra-fast shutter speed
* WHEN TO LOWER YOUR ISO:
  • You’re shooting motionless landscapes and your camera is mounted on a tripod
  • You’re photographing portraits in good light
  • You’re photographing an event, and you have plenty of window light or you’re using flash
  • You’re photographing products with a powerful artificial lighting setup
portrait of a handsome man with muscular body
Photo by emre keshavarz on Pexels.com

CONCLUSION :

ISO and shutter speeds and aperture settings all work together. It just depends on what you want to achieve in your photo, that will be what you need to set for ISO, Shutter speed, and F Stops. We will go into why you would change your shutter speeds and the effects you can get with changing it. And then we will get into why you would change your aperture setting as well. Keep with me…….

HOW TO DO PANORAMIC PHOTOS:

green trees near body of water
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

A popular technique for landscapes, panoramic photography enlarges the viewpoint beyond the size of a camera lens. When you do a panoramic photo, it seems to eliminate a lot of the foreground and background and highlights the main subject.

The DSLR cameras and Mirrorless cameras, almost all of them have a “Panoramic” mode, and it works so amazing. And even on your cell phone, they have a “Panoramic” mode, and you will get results like that photo above.

I tried it not too long ago. I was in an area in my state, and thought the mountains and the scenery was perfect for such Panorama version.

Photo I took in Panorama mode to get a wider angle of the beautiful mountains.

In your DSLR camera, you usually put the camera in the panorama mode, and then, once you push the button, it asks you to slowly pan from one side to the next in order to get as wide as possible, wider than a wide angle, and then it will automatically produce the panorama. You do have to be careful as you do this that your horizon line stays the same, or this won’t work well. Concentrate, as you scan that you don’t move your camera up or down. Something to practice, I’m sure, but, once you get this, a framed photo of a panorama shot looks amazing in your home.

reflection of trees on water
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

As you can see, comparing the 3 photos on display so far, that they can be a different size. The above photo is not as long and skinny as the others. Sometimes, a panorama photo is done in your cell phone or camera, and simply doing it by cropping it the way you want. That works too, if you want a panorama and have a display in mind.

unrecognizable traveler walking on sandy coast near mountains
Photo by Maksim Romashkin on Pexels.com

So keep this in mind if you want to do a panorama. Also, vertical panorama is possible when trying to do a waterfall, a tall tree, or something like that. Be creative and enjoy this new series of photos to try.

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UNDERSTANDING YOUR CAMERA SETTINGS – 101

crop unrecognizable woman looking at photos in camera
Photo by George Milton on Pexels.com

Probably the scariest thing that can happen to a new photographer who just purchased a SLR (Single lens reflex) camera is the settings on the camera.

Let’s look at each of these settings and help you out a bit.

Mode dial - Wikipedia
Automatic setting

This “auto” setting is the one setting most photographers will use until they understand all the others. It’s fine to use, but, as you go along, you will find it doesn’t always get the results you want.

Digital camera modes graphy Digital SLR Mode dial, Camera, camera Lens,  aperture, shutter Speed png | PNGWing

The “M” or “Manual” setting is where the creativity begins. In this mode you have to use the shutter speed dial, and the aperture setting to get what you want properly exposed. However, keep in mind that shutter speed control will give you a unique photo ability, and the aperture setting will give you a unique ability as well. We will go over those tomorrow.

A Simple Explanation of the Camera Mode Dial
The “Green” mode

Some cameras have an automatic mode called the “green” mode. It is the same as automatic, other than the camera manufacture programmed to recognize certain scenes and give you a better exposure, without you having to do anything.

Av Mode

Why these camera manufactures came up with some of these dial names is beyond me. But, the Av mode is “Aperture Value”. With this, if you understand what the aperture setting will do for you, you can set the aperture at your desired setting, and the camera will set the shutter speed automatically for you.

The Shutter speed mode

Tv, you guessed it: Time Value. This is the control where you can set the shutter speed at a certain setting, and the camera will set the aperture automatically to get the perfect exposure.

Camera Controls | Learn the Basics of Your Digital SLR Camera
All the mode settings on a DSLR camera

Then, all cameras seem to have these icons that will get you certain results. The head is for portraits, the mountains is for scenery, and flower is for close-ups, the guy running is for sports photography, and the starry, starry icon is for night photography and the crooked arrow with a line through it, means NO Flash.

All cameras have other buttons and settings on the camera, but, those are for convenience, and not necessarily to help with exposure. And every camera has something different on their camera to help you take better pictures.

Now, if you have any questions about your camera, then feel free to ask me any questions, and I will personally answer any question you have: